The Twingo has been built since its launch in France in 1992 and in Colombia and Uruguay from 1999 to 2002, undergoing three intermediate restylings in 1998, 2000 and 2004.
Production of the first generation model ceased at the Flins factory in France on 28th June 2007. It is, however, still produced in Colombia by the Sofasa conglomerate for the South American market. Total production up to 30th June 2007 was 2,478,648. There were no right-hand drive first-generation Twingos built, and it was not sold in most RHD markets.
The Twingo featured revolutionary features (at the time of launch) of a centrally-mounted instrument panel, consisting of a speedometer, fuel gauge and clock, with the odometer and trip recorder selected by pushing a button on the end of the steering column stalk. This left just a strip of warning lights in the area behind the steering wheel. It also had a sliding rear seat, which could be moved to either increase boot space or rear seat legroom. The boot parcel shelf was also unusual in that it was attached to the inside of the tailgate, and lifted up with the tailgate. It could also be clipped back against the rear window when not required.
All the first-generation Twingos were equipped with straight-4 petrol engines. Initially available with an 8-valve 1.2-litre 55hp (41kW) engine, it was replaced with an 8-valve 1.1-litre 60hp (45kW) unit. A 16-valve 75hp (56kW) version was added in 2000.
Many parts (e.g. the JB1 gearbox, brakes, engine) are shared with other vehicles across the Renault range.
A battery electric vehicle version was presented at the international Geneva Motor Show in 2006, that fits Zebra batteries.
- April 1993 - Launched with only one trim level, and four colours, at a price of 55,000FF.
- June 1994 - New colours introduced and minor interior changes.
- October 1994 - Easy model launched, with a semi automatic gearbox.
- September 1995 - The first of many special edition launched. Airbags are also available.
- July 1996 - New engine of 1149cc from the Clio fitted to replace the previous engine from the Renault 5. Also, various improvements made including the addition of a third brake light.
- July 1998 - First major restyling— revisions to interior and dashboard and revised front and rear lights.
- October 1998 - Top of the range Initiale model launched.
- September 2000 - Second major restyling— Larger 14" wheels, revised door trims with larger door pockets, revised dash with cup holders in front of gearstick.
- December 2000 - 1.2 litre 16v engine launched, with 75hp.
- April 2001 - Semi automatic gearbox launched, called Quickshift.
- September 2002 - Further revisions— new interior trims and wheel covers.
- September 2004 - Third major revision— Renault logo fitted to bootlid, side rubbing strips fitted and new colours launched.
- June 2007 - Production and sales end in France, to be replaced by the Twingo 2.