The History Of BMW 745il
The BMW 7 Series is a line of full-size luxury vehicles produced by the German automaker BMW. Introduced in 1977, it is BMW's flagship car and is only available as a sedan.
There have been five generations of the 7 Series:
- BMW E23 (1977–1986)
- BMW E32 (1987–1994)
- BMW E38 (1994–2001)
- BMW E65/ E66 (2002–2008)
- BMW F01 (2009-present)
Models offered:Main article: BMW E32
The E32 was introduced in 1987, with the 730i and 735i featuring 3.0 L and 3.5 L straight-6 engines respectively, and a new, 5.0 L, 300horsepower (220kW) V12 engine for the 750i. In 1992, 3.0 L and 4.0 L V8 engines were added to the lineup (730i and 740i). All models were also available in a stretched 'L' version, which had 10 cm of extra legroom for the rear passengers. See BMW E32 article for more information.
U.S figuresMain article: BMW E38
The E38 generation (1995-2001) had a five-speed automatic. The engine variants in Europe were 725tds, 728i, 730i, 730d, 735i, 740i (4.0 and 4.4 L), 740d and 750i (with a 5.4L V12 322bhp (240kW; 326PS) engine, as was used in the Rolls-Royce Silver Seraph).
In the Americas, the models were sold as the 740i, 740iL and 750iL. The 740i and 740iL shared the same 4.0L V8 engine in model year 1995, but the next year the V8 grew to 4.4L while stated power stayed at 282hp, though torque grew from 295lb-ft to 310lb-ft. Then again coinciding with the 1999 facelift, the V8's power again stayed the same but now torque grew further to 324lb-ft, due to new variable valve timing. The 740iL is essentially a long-wheelbase 740i (hence the "L" in the model name). The considerably rarer 5.4L V12-powered 750iL was only available as a long-body; there was no E38 750i in the US lineup. The 750iL was BMW's flagship sedan (not counting the Rolls-Royce models, owned by BMW at the time).
The current 7 Series is available on four different platforms: the standard-wheelbase E65 (2990mm, 118in), the extended-wheelbase E66 (3130mm, 123in), the High Security version E67 and the hydrogen powered version E68.
The E65/ E66/ E67/ E68 7 Series features BMW's first of a kind iDrive system, consisting of a video screen in the dashboard and a controller mounted on the center console that is used in a similar way to a computer mouse. Using a system of eight menus, most of the car's climate, audio, navigation, suspension and communication settings are controlled via iDrive. However, the system has been criticized by many automotive writers as being too complex and not intuitive enough.
"Active" Seat continuous passive motion technology is made standard equipment on the 750/ 760 models and included in the Luxury Seating Package with heated and ventilated seats for driver and front passenger on the 745 models.
The car has been available in thirteen variants—of those, 11 are now in production and on sale in Europe, with five available in the U.S. since diesel models are not available there.
*0–62mph **Performance numbers for the 735i and 735Li are identical, and those for the 745i and 745Li are identical. ***All roadgoing BMWs have an electronically limited top speed of 250km/ h.
In America, only the 750i, 750Li and 760Li are available from BMW dealerships. The 730i, 730d, 740i, 740d Turbodiesel and their long wheelbase counterparts are available in the rest of the world, in addition to the short wheelbase 760i. Alpina B7 could be ordered through BMW dealerships only in USA and Canada, everywhere else it could be ordered through Alpina dealerships.
- 2002-2005 745i - 4.4L V8, 325hp (242kW).
- 2002-2005 745Li - 4.4L V8, 325hp (242kW).
- 2006- 750i - 4.8L V8, 360hp (270kW).
- 2006- 750Li - 4.8L V8, 360hp (270kW).
- 2004-2006 760i - 6.0L V12, 438hp (327kW).
- 2003- 760Li - 6.0L V12, 438hp (327kW).
- 2007- Alpina B7 - 4.4L V8, 500hp (370kW).
The 7 Series was facelifted for 2006 with a restyled front and rear and a larger range of engines, the N62B48.
The twice-refreshed 7 Series sports a new taillight and reduced height for the trunk lid. The front headlight and the kidney grille was also raised somewhat, as well as a new front air dam and fog light assembly.
*0–62mph **All roadgoing BMWs have an electronically limited top speed of 250km/ h (155mph). This limitation does not however apply to the GCC specification models.
The 4.4L V8 was replaced by a 4.8L unit producing 367hp (274kW) and 361 lb·ft . The new model with the enlarged engine is now known as 750i and 750Li (for the long wheel-base model). The 750i and 750Li replace the 745i and 745Li in all world markets. The 745d, powered by a 4.4L turbodiesel producing 329hp (245kW) has replaced the 740d. As before, a six-speed automatic transmission with Steptronic is standard on all models.
In 2007 the 7 series received minor updates both inside and out. On the exterior, new wheel designs were made available and power folding mirrors became standard. On the inside, an update to the iDrive system (but still no RTTI: Real Time Traffic Info) was also made standard. 2007 also saw the installation of an auxiliary input for connecting an audio source. Engine options remained the same as with the 2006 model, but the short wheelbase 760i, was no longer available for the North American market.
BMW plans to offer a car that runs on both petrol and hydrogen, to be called the Hydrogen 7. Drivers will be able to switch what fuel they are using with the push of a button. However, only 100 units have been built up to now for a limited edition. For example, the mayor of Munich, Christian Ude, received one of them.
BMW also built armoured version of the 7 series vehicles. The models have protection levels VR6/ VR7. Security features include laminated windows, carbon fibre reinforced armour plating, under body armour, emergency front windscreen exit, lowered door windows, run flat tires.Main article: BMW F01
The European specifications for the new 2009 BMW 7-Series (F01/ F02) have been revealed. All models come with a ZF 6-speed transmission. Five variants are showcased at debut, the 750Li, the 740Li, the 750i, the 740i and the 730d.
The new F01/ F02 is equipped with a more intuitive iDrive system with a full featured web browser. Video this will be safer, and more technologically advanced as well as rich in entertainment.
Innovative night vision
The new 7 series features a night vision system with integrated individual pedestrian notification. Video
BMW has developed a parking-assist technology that can automatically park the car while the driver stands outside and watch as the internal robotics park it using a combination of sensors. A prototype of the system has been completed and a demo video was recorded using a BMW 730i.
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