Year of Volvo 440
Volvo 440 photos, specs - Car Pictures & Images
The Volvo 440 and 460 are versions of a family car produced by the Swedish automaker Volvo Cars. They were built at the DAF factory in The Netherlands, and released in Europe in 1987 and 1989 respectively.
The 440 was a 5-door front wheel drive hatchback and the 460 a sedan. They used many components from the already-successful Volvo 480, including floorpan, front and rear suspension, engines, transmission and braking systems. Anti-lock brakes were available as an option. The cars had a facelift in 1994 which included a new bonnet and nose, new rear light clusters and uprated side impact protection. The changes made the cars resemble the very successful Volvo 850 model more closely.
Used Volvo 440
Both versions had a 1.7-litre Renault engine at launch, carried over from the Volvo 300 Series; this was available between 1988 and 1992 in four different versions with a carburettor, singlepoint fuel injection, multipoint fuel injection in the early GLT models and with multipoint fuel injection and a turbocharger with intercooler. The standard 1,721 cc powerplant sported 106 bhp and an announced top speed of 185km/ h (115mph), which was marginally superior to some of its contemporary counterparts of the same class, such as the Volkswagen Passat or the Opel Vectra (their 1.8-litre engine only had 90 bhp). The turbocharged version offered 122bhp (91kW) and an announced top speed of 200km/ h (124mph). These kind of performances put it on par with higher-end 1.8-litre engines, such as the BMW 318 or 518 of the time, and on par with a host of other 2.0-litre engines of the time.
From 1992, the engines offered were substantially different; they were 1.6i, 1.8i and 2.0i naturally-aspirated petrol engines and the 1.7-litre turbo. The 1.6 was equipped with multipoint-injection, 2.0 with both singlepoint- and multipoint-injection and 1.8 only with singlepoint-injection.
Diesel versions were available; a 1.9-litre Renault turbodiesel was offered - this was badged as either TD or Turbo Diesel, depending on which European market the car was sold in.
From 1994, the engines became slightly more powerful.
Early cars were available in GL, GLE, GLT and Turbo trims. The GL trim level was basic; GLE was plush; and GLT was the 'luxury' trim level. GLT and Turbo were externally similar, both featuring lowered sports suspension and a large rear spoiler. Other trim levels were gradually phased in, such as Si and Xi and Turbo later became simply an engine variant, rather than a full trim variant.
From 1992, the range was the same for a year-and-a-half. Then, from 1994, the range was totally changed as the car received an extensive facelift that brought its external appearance more in line with the now very successful Volvo 850 and uprated the car's side impact protection. Contrary to what many people believe, however, the uprated side impact protection fitted was not a form of SIPS (Side Impact Protection System) as fitted to the Volvo 850 and later Volvo 940 and Volvo 960 models.
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