The North American Chevrolet Lumina was based on the mid-size GM W platform, which was shared with the Pontiac Grand Prix, Oldsmobile Cutlass Supreme, Oldsmobile Intrigue, Buick Regal and Buick Century (after 1996). Although the Lumina became a popular seller, GM was widely criticized in the motoring press for being late to the game in introducing a direct aero-designed competitor to the Ford Taurus.
In 1989, the Lumina became the nameplate under which Chevrolets were raced in NASCAR, more than a year before the model was available to the public. Irate fans bombarded NASCAR with letters protesting the unfairness of Chevrolet being allowed to race an aluminum car.
In 1987 however, GM was experimenting with a high end performance version above the Z34 to continue where the Z34 left off. The experimental "Z50" version as it was dubbed featured all-wheel-drive and an all aluminum 5.0L 305ci LT1-style V8 which had 285 hp (213 kW) and 280 ft·lbf (380 N·m) of torque. It never made it to production. The whereabouts of these test-cars remains unknown.
- Front Head Room 39.9 in.
- Front Hip Room 51.9 in.
- Front Shoulder 59.9
- Front Leg 49.9
- Fuel Tank 19.9 gallons
- Black Metallic
- Bright White Metallic
- Dark Garnet Red Metallic
- Light Driftwood Metallic
- Maui Blue Metallic
- Medium Adriatic Blue Metallic
- Medium Garnet Red Metallic
- Medium Gray Metallic
- Silver Metallic
- Torch Red Metallic
- 1990-1992 2.5L (151in³) Iron Duke I4
- 1993-1994 2.2 L (134 in³) I4
- 1990-1994 3.1L (191in³) LHO V6
- 1991-1994 3.4L DOHC(207in³) LQ1 V6
Main article: Lumina Z34
The high performance version of the Lumina was the Lumina Z34. Along with a performance suspension package, it was fitted with the 3.4 L DOHC LQ1 V6, putting out 210 hp at 5200 rpm, and 215 lb·ftf (292 N·m) of torque at 4400 rpm. Unique cosmetic changes include a factory spoiler and body moldings, a louvered hood, and a unique steering wheel. The grille was also replaced with a body-colored panel with a small outlet, reminiscent of the Ford Taurus SHO.Performance figures are quite impressive for a front wheel drive V6 car,with a 0-60(mph) time of 7.5 seconds,1/4 mile (400km) time of 15.0 seconds,although times of mid 14 seconds have been attained,and a (limited) top speed of 130 mph (209.21 km/h).